Within the framework of international law, human rights are a set of norms enshrined in international treaties, customary law, general principles of law and other international sources of law. Human rights are often made part of national law when incorporated into the constitution and specific human rights laws. Furthermore, there is an extensive number of special laws, regulations and other provisions that are crucial for protecting and safeguarding human rights norms.

The concept of human rights may also refer to the ideals and values underpinning arguments for new and changed policies. However, it is human rights as legal norms which form the basis for legal reasoning and claims of human rights violations.